Walter

Basic Technology History

Online Technology Source

Computers:

First Computer Invented:

Most people when they think of first computer invented they think Bill Gates. This, however, is not true, for the computer was invented long before Bill Gates was around. Bill Gates only revolutionized the computer, buy creating a more compact and useful form of the computer and making it available to everyone with a job.

There are many people out there who would say that the first “computer” was the abacus, invented in Asia about 5000 years ago. I however, wouldn’t.

The first of the “modern” computers was invented during World War II, in 1941 by a German engineer named Konrad Zuse. Its name was the Z3 and it was used to help design German airplanes and missile’s. Then in 1943, the Allied forces developed a computer called Colossus. It helped decode German messages.

The Mark I, designed by Howard H. Aiken, an engineer working with Harvard and IBM. The Mark I was positively huge, taking up half of a football field. It was useful though and it helped to create ballistic charts for the US Navy during the war.

Shortly after this, came the Electronic Numerical Integrator and Computer (ENIAC), developed by John Presper Eckert and John W. Mauchly, working with the government and the University of Pennsylvania. ENIAC was about 1000 times faster than The Mark I but no smarter.

The Use of transistors, ment computers that could store memory and even run programs. Soon after computer languages were invented so that people could change the programs run by the computer. Finally computer research brought us smaller, more useful computers, and eventually the kinds of computers that we have today.

First Laptops Invented:

Although it is a little hard to determine what the first portable or laptop computer was, and when it was invented, we can however say that there is more than one claim to laptop fame. There was even signs of laptops dating back as early as 1979. Designed by a Briton, William Moggridge, for use by NASA in early 1980’s. IT was one fifth the weight of any model equivalent in performance and was a 340K byte bubble memory lap-top computer with die-cast magnesium case and folding electroluminescent graphics display screen.

Since then notebook PC’s released in 1981 lay clam to being the first. It was the Epson HX-20, a battery powered portable computer, with a 20-character by 4 line LCD display and a built-in printer that started the new widespread desire for these laptop computers.

In January of 1982, Microsoft’s Kazuhiko Nishi and Bill Gates begin discussions on designing a portable computer, based on using a new liquid crystal display or LCD screen. LCD technology in 1982? Yeah that’s right! Believe it or not we had the technology to make the LCD tvs and monitors that you’ve seen only recently over 22 years ago. But that’s another story in itself.

First PDAs Invented:

First of all PDA stands for personal digital assistants in case you didn’t already know. In 1993, Apple Computer Inc. released the very first PDA(personal digital assistants) “The Newton®”. For the next three years, PDA sales dwindled, and were almost off the charts. Then, in March 1996, Palm(TM), Inc. delivered the industry’s first truly compelling handheld computer, the PalmPilot. Today there are to many PDA companies and products to even bother mentioning.

Some Things You Can Do On A PDA:

Get a Wireless Connection

Surf the Web

Play Music and Video Files

Watch movies Using PocketTV

Play a Game

Use Your Pocket PC as a backup device

Update Office Documents

Download and read E-books

Listen to Audio Books

Connect to Windows servers using Terminal Services

Use Messenger Tools

Change the theme of your Pocket PC

Project the Pocket PC screen onto your desktop

Study

Do Your Taxes

Some PDA Software:

Medical/Drug Resources PDA Software

Medical Calculators PDA Software

Learning Tools PDA Software

Patient Tracking PDA Software

Document Readers PDA Software

Medical Equipment PDA Software

Databases PDA Software

Printing PDA Software

News and Information PDA Services

Street Finders and Maps PDA Software

Bible Study PDA Software

Voice Command PDA Software

Language Translator PDA Software

Tax PDA Software

Home Entertainment Technology:

Home Entertainment really is just a collaboration of all our entertainment technologies into a package that surely will not disappoint us. Home entertainment systems have many different parts that together give us the feeling of being at the movies.

Plasma TV

LCD Panel TV

DLP Rear Projection TV

Video Projectors

Surround Sound Audio Systems

Speakers

DVD / CD / VCR Players

Accessories and Furniture

Satellite Television

Media Center HTPCs

First Television Invented:

The first signs of a tele date back to the 1862 when Abbe Giovanna Caselli invents his “pantelegraph” and becomes the first person to transmit a still image over wires. In 1900, at the World’s Fair in Paris, the 1st International Congress of Electricity was held, where Russian, Constantin Perskyi made the first known use of the word “television.” In 1930 Charles Jenkins broadcasts the first TV commercial. The BBC begins regular TV transmissions.

Then throughout the years the inventions came one after another. In 1950 the FCC approves the first color television standard which is replaced by a second in 1953. Vladimir Zworykin developed a better camera tube – the Vidicon. In 1956 Robert Adler invents the first practical remote control. In 1973 giant screen projection TVs are first marketed. Followed by Sonys release of the first home video cassette recorder in 1976.By time 1996 came around there was a billion TV sets world-wide.

Microdot Technology

A South Africa-based Company has launched an entirely locally-developed, superior microdot-tag and trace solution for vehicles and other high-value moveable assets, giving South Africans access to affordable, effective asset-identification technology that has the potential to curb the market for stolen goods by making theft and the resale of stolen property less viable for criminals.

They are one of only three providers of microdot tags for asset-identification in this country and aims to capture about 50 percent of the growing market in the short-term, with the goal of growing its market-share to 70 percent by 2012.

The company’s director, believes that there is a huge market for microdot technology in South Africa because it has significant potential to deter theft by limiting the local market for stolen goods. Securing the identity of assets is essentially the most effective tool to limit theft because it reduces their marketability, and microdot technology is one of the best ways of entrenching the identity of an asset because it provides indisputable proof of ownership and a level of asset-identification that simply makes the resale of stolen property less viable and less lucrative for criminals and syndicates.

“Local and international statistics show that the use of microdot technology to entrench the identity of vehicles leads to 50 to 60 percent decrease in the number of stolen and hijacked vehicles. That’s pretty impressive,” says the Director.

According to him, microdot technology, as a tool to reduce the marketability of stolen goods and deter theft, has gained widespread acceptance in countries such as Australia, New Zealand, the United Kingdom and Russia.

In South Africa, the use of microdot technology is gaining momentum and as awareness grows, microdots (special polymer-based devices which can carry a unique identification number) are expected to become one of the most credible and affordable means of securing the identity of assets and deterring theft. The Company has spent over two years researching the market and refining its solution for local consumers and businesses.

The Company uses advanced nanotechnology to validate its locally-manufactured Micro Dots, making it impossible to copy or counterfeit their tags. Each batch is etched with a unique Asset Identification Number (AIN) and then mixed into a patented, resilient adhesive, ready for application across the areas of an asset.

The solution, which dries to a hard, transparent finish, contains an Ultraviolet (UV) sensitive material which glows when exposed to a UV light to indicate the presence of the microtags.

Although virtually undetectable to the naked eye, tiny Micro Dot’s etched with the unique AIN and spread inconspicuously across vehicles, office equipment, computers, furniture, jewellery and appliances, become powerful asset identifiers. The AIN is linked to a full description of all the assets related to it on a high-security web-based Asset Register.

The Asset Register offers level 4 security, which is the same level of security provided by banking websites. All information is stored off site, with full redundancy and real time backups. Only authorised users authenticated by means of username and password have access to the database. The Asset Register is easily accessible via the Web and can cope with unlimited data storage.

Customers can register their assets and manage their own asset register themselves online, or contact the call centre to do it for them.

Teams within the Law Enforcement agencies have been equipped with devices that enable them to check for microtags on vehicles and other high-value assets seized from criminals. The Microdot’s telltale signature and the unique AIN allow them to trace ownership via the International Register, increasing the chances of recovering lost and stolen assets.

The Company also has a whistle blowing aspect to it and people will be able to report suspected stolen property and assets anonymously via the website. This information will be acted on by private investigators, law enforcement agencies and insurers.

The Director points out that success of microdot tagging as a tool to deter and reduce theft depends on the wider adoption and acceptance of the technology by the SAPS, local consumers and businesses, and other relevant authorities.

The Company has been in consultation with these bodies and is working with them to drive further acceptance at all levels. There is also a growing interest in microdot technology from other industries including the insurance industry and financial services sector. Negotiations are currently underway with leading insurers to offer the Company’s solution as a value-added product.

“After nearly three years of intense research, planning and development, we are delighted to deliver our advanced tagging and trace solution to the market. We believe that our solution, which is both flexible in its application and affordable, will be welcomed by South Africans who want to protect what’s theirs and be proactive about fighting crime in this country,” concludes the director.

The Company is the only player that operates in the Microdot and Tracking arena. In effect, you are able to track their microdots in the event of an asset being stolen or hijacked. For more info go to [http://recoveri.vpnt.net/]

Trace Technology (additional Info)

The Trace technology works via a transmitter that continually emits its own unique identity signal that is picked up by our beacons situated countrywide and transmitted to our control centre and database that contains the details of the asset and owner. The system is active 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

In the event of a theft, you call a 24-hour control centre that will “red flag” your transmitter number and alert all fixed and mobile beacons countrywide. Then, when your vehicle or asset passes the beacons, they automatically send data to the control centre, which activates response teams in that area.

It is not a GPS location device, it is a point-to-point system.

Recovery

The Company has outsourced the recovery of assets to a provider who have its own national network of recovery agents. They also have access to airborne and waterborne recovery facilities.

Choosing A Medium To Create Your Own Info Product

Selling internet based information based products is a great option to start internet home business and has immense potential. Truly speaking, ebooks, audio files and video files in downloadable format are the only available options to create info products for internet based home business. Not very long back, ebooks were the only medium you could ceate and sell your info products. But with advent of new technology, a marketer of today can easily create audio and video files.

There are many other methods you can dispense information and generate money. These are ezines, newsletters, blogs, membership sites etc. But these in true sense are info services rather than info products.

eBook is a product that most internet marketers start with. Ebooks are easy to create without much technical requirements. All you have to do is to write. Most popular ebooks are in pdf format. They are popular because they are light, fast, easy to create and can be read on any type of computer be it IBM or Mac, with an equal ease. They do not need any special type of ebook reader. The only requirement is the acrobat reader which should be installed in user computer. Acrobat reader is freely available.

I personally like and recommend use of pdf books. They are a much better choice when compared to exe ebooks which requires a basic understanding of web pages.

All you need is to write your book in Microsoft Word as you normally write and convert that .doc file to .pdf file. It is that simple. For conversion to .pdf file you require a pdf converter. You can either choose to buy from Adobe if you can afford but in my view it is quite expensive. There are some free pdf converters available too. Just do a search and you would find it. A list is also mentioned at our site blog.

Another form of ebook creators create a file in exe form and can only be read in Windows. You would need to purchase one of the available ebook creator from one of the suppliers. eBook Pro is a good tool with lot many features. Again, you can find the link to source at our blog.

Audio Files are have a great potential market too. For creating good audio files you would require some basic sound hardware, software for editing the sound. You would have to hire somebody with good voice to speak the information. You would also require online audio players to give the online sample hearing to you visitors. All this increase cost and need for technical knowledge.

Video files are a great leap in technology. Everything that is hard to understand in words can be easily understood when put in video form. There are a lot of choices in video making. You can make text and image based videos or you can put live demos. You would require video making softwares , good shooting camera and editing software.

A costly affair for the beginner.

In my view if you do not have much technical knowledge, you should start with ebooks and then can move on to audio and video files later. Most of the sales are still made in ebooks.
Go and capture your share.

Beat the High Price of Fuel

With the world’s changing economy, there are several factors that affect how people interact with the growing risk for their basic need. In fact, because of the increasing price of fossil fuel in the market, many are finding more alternatives to beat the rate. Thus, hydrogen fuel cell technologies are invented. Fuel cells provide a wide range of important benefits that not even a single technology can fulfill.

There are several advantages of hydrogen fuel technologies. Below are just some of which.

Reliability

Compared to traditional combustion engines, fuel cell technologies are more reliable because the absence of moving parts and combustion made the improvements possible. According to researches, a technology as potential as this has demonstrated impeccable reliabilities that can be applied to almost any kind of engine. With a reliability status of nearly a hundred percent, this has proven to be more appropriate than any alternative technology there is.

Raised Quality Power

Fuel cell technologies can provide a very high quality of DC power that is perfectly compatible to any kind of electrical application most especially those sensitive electronics like those used inside hospitals. The suffrage of brown outs and black outs or power fluctuations can now be mitigated or avoided completely by using fuel cells as the distribution product in energy networks. When brown outs and black out occur, it doesn’t necessarily mean that electricity failed. It only means that electricity didn’t fall around the parameter.

Clean

As an exhaust, fuel cell technologies only produce water which comes from fuelling pure hydrogen into the system. No matter if it’s powered by the high-priced fossil fuels, pollution is far less produced than what conventional technologies conclude. Through a temperature that’s high in temperature, energy that is released results in creating a nitrogenous pollution.

Vibration Free

Silent as the night, without the presence of moving parts, fuel cells are vibration-free. Although a fuel system needs compressors, pumps and other parts that naturally moves and produces certain kinds of sound and vibration, the order of their magnitude is still silent and produces no vibration at all. Unlike in traditional engine technologies that produce sound.

Cheap

Fuel cells aren’t as cheap as fossil fuels. But it is determined that in the future, it will be cheaper and more efficient. Significant cost is a very enticing advantage that is predicted to be felt in the near future. Efficiency is not the only pride that fuel cell maintains but also the cost effective advantages and benefits that fuel cell contributes to the technologies that it encounters. Savings can enable to go further.

High Density Power

How much power that is created every unit volume has defined the power density of a particular generating system. Reasonably, it can be expected that a fuel cell’s typical power density will substantially rise with the refinement of technologies.

Flexible Design

Constraints that are experienced from designs can enable to impose energy converters that are quite conventional in recognition to the alleviation by using fuel cell systems instead. Effect specificity of this kind of change in the design constraints are very much dependent to the requirement and application.

These are just some of the numerous advantages of hydrogen fuel cell technologies. With this generation, a shift in usage can determine enhanced effects than traditional combustion engines.

Windows 7 Buyer Info

There have been so many problems with the Windows XP and Vista operating systems that when the new Windows came out, everyone wanted to be a Windows 7 buyer. This is because these people got extremely tired of having to constantly battle their computers in order to get them to work properly. The majority of Vista owners ended up having some significant problems but, luckily, a Windows 7 buyer will be able to forget all of these problems in the near future, while also having access to some new and exciting features.

The newest incarnation of the Windows operating system is fastest and easiest to use system available. It allows you to easily keep track of your files and complete your daily tasks in an efficient manner.

The new Windows Media Center that is included with this software is absolutely incredible, as it turns your PC into a fully functioning entertainment center. You can do things like record live television, play the newest video games, and share all of your favorite files instantly, thanks to the company’s new and improved home network capabilities. Simply put, a Windows seven buyer will immediately learn that using a computer does not have to be difficult, but can rather be a fun and uplifting experience.

The reason why Windows 7 was necessary is that Vista was very disappointing. In fact, many people went back to Windows XP after Vista was released because there were so many flaws with the program.With that being said, Windows XP is no longer a relevant solution because it is getting quite old and, therefore, something had to be done. What a Windows seven buyer should know, therefore, is that Windows 7 is based on  Vista, but many of the problems were fixed.

Vista was notorious for its slow speed at times and the constant pop-ups asking you if you are sure you want to run a program. Every time one of these pop-ups would appear, it would slow down the computer significantly. This made it difficult to use as a workstation, since you would have to slow down for Vista constantly. A Windows 7 buyer should not have to worry about that because most of those problems have been remedied.

Another great feature that Windows 7 will be employing is the use of a touch screen, which is similar to and iPhone. While you will need a computer that is compatible with this technology, it is nice to know that Windows has taken the next step and has made this technology useful. Any Windows 7 buyer will be able to take advantage of that technology, which will definitely come in handy when using a laptop. Both Windows Vista and XP were also guilty of having too much preloaded software included with them, which is something that the new Windows 7 has attempted to lessen.

Vista was also notorious for having compatibility problems with many pieces of software. When Microsoft attempted to fix this problem by sending out a patch, it caused even more problems because it was not tested thoroughly enough. This led to many people being unable to use the programs that they had purchased, but a Windows 7 buyer will not have to worry about these issues because they have all been taken care of already. While there are very few pieces of software that were designed specifically foe Windows 7 as of yet, there have no yet been any major compatibility issues found with older pieces of software.

Perhaps the only negative that can be found regarding Windows 7 is that XP users will not be able to do a direct upgrade to the new version and will have to reinstall windows if they wish to keep their computer. This will likely be fixed, however, since so many people went back to XP once they noticed the problems with Vista. operating system once again.

Windows 7 is truly trying to make amends for the problems that Windows Vista caused and this program is definitely off to a very good start. In fact, it can be argued that any Windows seven buyer will be so impressed with this new program that they will completely forget about any negative thoughts that they have had about Windows and will embrace this operating system once again.

Reverse Cell Phone Info

Technological advances move so fast today that it is sometimes hard to keep up to date with them, and even if you wanted to it would be a full time job. This means that the majority of people only find out about new technologies that are actually of relevance to them. Whilst this can be useful it also means that some technology that you can use in your everyday life can pass you by.

One of these things is reverse cell phone info, you might have heard friends or family referring to reverse phone number searches, reverse cell number searches, reverse telephone number searches or something similar. Reverse lookup is a phrase that is used to describe the process of using an online service to gain information relating to the owner of a particular telephone number.

Using reverse telephone number info services can also help you to find out the residential address of that cell numbers owner. Such information can be used for a multitude of different purposes and reasons. Many people will tend to use this reverse cell phone info to get to the bottom of unknown telephone calls to their home or business or to check up on a partner or their children. It can also be used to quickly find the address of the person who a missing mobile phone belongs to so that it can be safely returned to that owner without any fuss. Info gathering is just as easy as using a search engine to perform an Internet search and it can be just as fast.

Windows 7 Buyer Info

The most recent version of the Windows operating system is Windows 7. Windows 7 is based on Vista, so still looks similar, but with many of the irritating problems ironed out. It is the fastest and easiest to use so far.

Some of Vista’s issues were slow speed and innumerable “are you sure you want to run this program?” popups. Every time a popup appeared your Personal computer would significantly slow down. This made working for any length of time difficult since you would have to endlessly wait for Vista to sort itself out. Windows Seven has addressed most of these problems.

Pop ups weren’t the only difficulties with Windows Vista. There have been compatibility issues with a great deal of made for XP software so people couldn’t run the programs they had paid for over the years, when the new version of Windows came out with most of these issues fixed a slew of disappointed vista users welcomed the new overhaul and are eager to become a Windows 7 buyer.

Having said that, Windows XP is no longer a feasible choice because it is reasonably old now. A new version of Windows that is capable of dealing with all the multimedia the modern computer uses were definitely called for. Vista has tried to deal these issues but failed; thankfully, out of Vista’s ashes’ Windows Seven was born.

What are the new features a windows 7 buyer will befit from?

Firstly, most of the great features that made Vista look and work better than XP have been retained although they have been tweaked considerably so now they actually work properly.

Other new features include.

* A reworked Window Media center is included with this software package and is decidedly better than before, it turns your Personal computer into a fully functioning entertainment hub with Windows Touch technology. You can do things like the record live television, and share all of your favorite files instantly, thanks to Microsoft’s new and improved home network abilities.

* Backwards compatibility allowing you to use many of your favourite Windows XP programs.

* Touch Screen technology with full multi touch capabilities so you are able to use your fingers to do just about anything you can with a mouse. Kids will love using just their fingers with the new upgraded Windows Paint program.

* The task bar has been redesigned with movable buttons for quick access to the information they need and includes: Interactive Grouped Thumbnails, Jump Lists, Pinning, Aero Peek.

* It doesn’t eat up so much memory either, so your system doesn’t slow down so much when using multimedia.

* It finds and uses USB devices much quicker with fewer compatibility issues.

* The home network capabilities are quicker and easy to set up.

* Vastly improved file searching capability using the new Windows Search,so finding things you stored on your Personal computer quicker and easy to find.

All these improvements mean the new windows 7 buyer will instantly learn that using a computer does not have to be difficult or frustrating, but can be a fun and rewarding experience. Microsoft’s Windows 7 genuinely tries to make amends for the hassles that Windows Vista caused and with this new version is certainly off to a very good start.

It might be that Windows 7 buyers may be so impressed with this new program that they will completely forgive and forget about any negative thoughts that they have about previous incarnations of Windows and will embrace the operating system once again.

HDTV Technology

HDTV technology was first introduced in the US during the 1990s by a group of electronics companies called the Digital HDTV Grand Alliance. HDTV is also capable of “theater-quality” audio because it uses the Dolby Digital (AC-3) format to support. HDTV has at least twice the linear resolution of standard-definition television (SDTV), thus allowing much more detail to be shown compared with analog television or regular DVD.

HDTV can be recorded to D-VHS (Data-VHS), W-VHS (analog only), to a HDTV-capable digital video recorder (for example DirecTV’s high-definition Digital video recorder, Sky HD’s set-top box, or TiVo’s Series 3 recorder), or an HDTV-ready HTPC.

Digital signals, like the ones from DVD players, are converted to analog when played on traditional TVs. Digital signals are transmitted using computer code — ones and zeroes — which means they are less susceptible to interference and provide a higher quality picture and sound than analog. Digital TV broadcasts for local channels are also offered over-the-air (OTA) in many regions for those with digital TV antennas. Digital TV in Media Center allows you to watch and record high definition TV signals that might be available in your region.

You must have an HDTV-capable monitor which includes a built-in high definition tuner or an HDTV-ready television which requires an external tuner to watch HDTV. Televisions being sold are capable of displaying the digital signals produced by broadcasters like ABC.

LCDs generally have a higher native resolution than plasma TVs, but in the real world the difference isn’t that noticeable (more info on HDTV resolution). LCD spec sheets often talk about response time, but in our experience, almost all newer LCDs have adequate response time to deal with fast motion to the satisfaction of most viewers.

Plasma life span: The life span of plasma TVs is another area that’s improved dramatically over the last few generations of the technology. Plasmas look equally good from very wide angles. Plasma LCD General Screen sizes 42 inches to 65+ inches 5 inches to 65+ inches Cabinet depth 3+ inches 3+ inches Power consumption (more info) Slightly less efficient per square inch Slightly more efficient per square inch Price Usually less expensive for screen sizes over 42 inches Usually more expensive for screen sizes over 42-inches Features PC connectivity Less common but still included on many models More common than on plasma TVs Other features Varies per model Varies per model Picture quality Motion blur caused by display Negligible Difficult to discern on most models, although subject to more blurring than plasma.

Screen sizes are increasing and prices are dropping, so visit your local electronics store to pick an HDTV that fits your taste, space and budget. HDTV television technology is available in a variety of different set types, from super slim Plasmas and LCDs, to dependable “box” CRTs. HDTV is just one part of the DTV transition.

Interactive Technology

The definition of information has expanded with the advance of technology. IT professionals design complicated computer networks and info databases. They install applications for those networks and manage databases. They provide engineering of computer hardware, data management, networking and the development and design of software. IT staffers also can manage and provide the administration of the entire computer system.

Information technology is often referred to as “infotech” which is broadly used to define anything used to store, produce or control information. The terms information and technology are referred to as one entity of two processes that rely on each other. Only a few years ago the IT services department of a mid-sized company might well have been one computer guy in a tiny cubicle charged with saving data on magnetic tapes.

That’s a far cry from we now think of as information technology. Now the IT department would be fully staffed with employees working on computers, monitoring servers, and creating database management systems. This is pure information technology at work.

Recently, some have asked whether there is a massive shift in the focus and balance of IT services. The tsunami of businesses now offering their products for sale online has led some to replace the term “information technology” with “interactive technology”.

The difference may be one of degree or of focus. IT traditionally has referred to technology as it applies to managing information. Interactive Technology embraces the user experience and how the customer perceives his technological experience with a business site.

It remains to be seen whether adding interactive to the mix will create a different balance between information and technology. It is more likely the two components will become one experience that focuses on the needs of the site user as well as the need of the owner of a commerce website. While the user is easily transitioning through information provided and the technical tools help him navigate through the info, the site owner may also collect information about the site visitor which is analyzed by other IT programs and used in future marketing campaigns.

Though the balance of information and technology appears to be changing, perhaps it’s time for that to happen. You can reach the point in IT services where information is being manipulated by technology only because it can be done, without much thought as whether doing so contributes to the business. Interactive technology adds a layer of user experience far above the previous requirements to simply store, sort, manipulate and retrieve information.

Latest Technology Invention

What are you talking about? – Archimedes and latest technology invention in the same breath? For those not in the know – Archimedes was the ancient Greek’s most famous mathematician. He was the one who ran through the streets naked yelling “Eureka” (I have found it) when he solved a very important problem while sitting in his bath.

The latest technology invention is this – taking what most probably the latest and using it in a new way. Archimedes had scribed some of his theories on goat parchment somewhere between 287-212 B.C. Amazingly, this parchment has lived on – and in the middle ages a Monk scraped the papyrus and OVERWROTE Archimedes’ writings – (which was probably the best thing to happen – because the writings lived on (covered over) as a Christian prayer book – thus not subject to destruction by anti-science thinkers of the Dark Ages and beyond).

Without getting into the whole story – the manuscript has lived on to this day – where it was purchased at auction for about 2 million dollars, and then very graciously turned over to classicists and old book restorers. It was found that the prayer book had been written over some other writing.

Here is where the latest technology invention comes in. The experts were having trouble reading the underlying script, naturally. A physicist that worked with the Stanford Synchotron Radiation Laboratory – which runs the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center – just happened to get some info on the Archimedes project while at a conference.

This physicist studies spinach! His latest technology invention was studying how determine iron and other elements in spinach. He – through the info he received – found that the ink used by Archimedes would have iron as a base.

The next step was to contact the classicists and restorers of the manuscript and suggest using his tools (the Stanford accelerator) to scan the book like he did his spinach – and the iron content in the ink should stand out (even through the overwriting).

After over four years of preparation – the use of this latest technology invention was accomplished. The scanning of the document is being done as we speak [beginning August 4, 2006]. The results are pretty amazing – and are available online and with a webcam.

This is one of the first instances where classicists and language scholars and physicists (nuclear and other) have worked together on a project such as this. The concept is mind-boggling – two such diverse fields working together to bring one of mankind’s greatest minds back to life with his writings – which have been buried beneath prayers for thousand of years. This is truly a fascinating use of the latest technology invention.